Radioactivity

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بِسْــــــــــــــــمِ اﷲِالرَّحْمَنِ اارَّحِيم

Radioactivity is the emission of particles or energy from atoms due to a radioactive decay process. In the case of radioactivity, the atoms emitting the particles or energy are radioactive atoms. There are many different types of radioactivity and the types vary depending on the characteristics of the atoms. Radioactive isotopes are atoms that are stable but have different radioactive decays that emit different particles or energy. However, they are not stable for long periods of time. In some cases, they may only have half-lives of a few hours or even minutes. Some of the decay processes that occur in radioactive isotopes are the emission of particles, such as photons, electrons, and protons. These particles are generally very small and can be easily absorbed by surrounding materials. They can also be harmful to the human body if they are absorbed by the skin or lungs. This type of radiation is known as ionizing radiation and it can damage living tissue if absorbed by the body. On the other hand, non-ionizing radiation does not cause damage to living cells and can be absorbed through the skin without causing any harm to the body. Examples of non-ionizing radiation include the waves of radio waves and microwaves that we are exposed to on a daily basis. 

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There are many types of radioactivity and these are mainly used to generate energy in a variety of applications. Nuclear power plants are some of the most common places where radioactivity is used to generate electricity. Atomic bombs also contain radioactivity and are used to destroy cities or countries. In fact, radiation is widely used in medicine for treating diseases and it is also used to make pictures for computer tomography scans. Radioactivity is also used to track people who have moved abroad or travelled to another country and they can be traced by their fingerprints that contain traces of radioactive substances. It is also used to detect and identify toxic chemicals in the environment. However, the use of radioactive material should be carefully controlled as it can cause serious damage to the environment and cause severe.

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